Archive for September 2014

Self Introduction-Nichaphat DETKAMHAENG

Good evening…everyone

I am Nichaphat DETKAMHAENG, you can call me "TAN", as a master student from Department of Fisheries Products, faculty of Fisheries, Kasetsart university (KU). I am a member of summer school and the comprehensive/specialized subjects of PARE program 2014. Now, I study in faculty of Fisheries at Hakodate university. I am a student of Professor Kunihiko Konno.

I miss my friends…sensei…and everybody in summer school PARE program. I cannot forget everybody that help, recommend, teach and care me (I cannot speak and write as a word). And I don't forget skills from this program that is a basic skill in order to improve more skills. I will keep this memory in my mind.

Now, I start comprehensive/specialized subjects of PARE program. I have Japanese class and Introduction of Fisheries class that start on October 2014.


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Self-Introduction and Summer School Experiences


My name is Ria, a short version of Ratna Patriana. I’m a master student of Rural Sociology, Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia. I join with PARE Program since this year, from Introduction to PARE, Summer School and Long Semester. All of these programs so far have given me so many lessons, fruitful experiences and, of course, good friends. The last that I mentioned was so exceptional, especially after we joined the summer school. Tight schedule, difficult tasks, happy and sad moments that we shared together have bounded our friendship, regardless the language barrier and duration of the program. 

We came from different background, which most of the students were from natural sciences background. Mine is social science which, I guess, was the one and only in this program. At first I felt afraid that I can’t follow the lectures, but with the helps from other students, I can understand the materials. The knowledge that I gained from this program was relatively new for me, and thankfully each student come from different disciplines, so that we can share our knowledge and mix it together to build an interconnected idea. 

The last summer school program was – how can I say? – incredible! During that short period of time, we have visited so many places, from Tomakomai, Ishikari, Ebetsu, Toyako, Mori town, Maruyama zoo until Hakodate. We learnt so many things, from oil storage, biogas, wind power, hydro power, geothermal power and many other sustainable energy initiatives. At the end of the program, we were challenged to build a master plan about sustainable energy development to overcome the problem in Population, Activities, Resource and Environment – PARE Chain – in Asia.

Mahatma Gandhi once said, “Freedom is not worth having if it doesn’t include the freedom to make mistakes.” And because of Freedom is the power of the youth, Freedom also the power of us too. Even though in the beginning, making a master plan in a very limited time sounded impossible, with the power of freedom and without worrying of making mistakes, all of us eventually finished our group master plan and presented it in an awesome/sugoi/sud-yord/keren-banget way. That was, for me, the biggest challenge that we had to face in this summer school. And honestly, the idea that came up from each master plan was extra ordinary. I’m very proud that I can be the part of this program.

That was my (not very) short introduction and experiences in PARE Summer School 2014. And now I miss my summer school friends!

Ratna Patriana
PARE ID: PARE 26-005

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-Self Introduction-

Hallo everyone,,.,. Konichiwa minna san,.

I am Laura Flowrensia, please call me 'Rara". I am master student of Silviculture, faculty of Forestry, Bogor Agricultural University (IPB), Indonesia. Thankfully, I am a member of PARE Program 2014, and now I am study at Entomology Sytematics Laboratory, faculty of Agriculture, under guidance of Shinichi Akimoto sensei. And I can't wait to start my laboratory works. Hahahahaha,.

It is already a month that I have been in Hokkaido,.,but it feel like it is Yesterday that I had finished "Summer School PARE Program" complete with the interested-hectic schedules. I can not remember- to forget all the Summer School activities. I still clearly remember Kobayashi sensei lecturer about animal productions, and pesticides and food additives by Hashidoko sensei on the first day of Summer School class at Office of International Affairs (OIA).

Group discussion, paper reports and group debate suddenly became something I miss,.#eeeh Hahahahaha (LOL). This page can not never enough to provide my experiences as part of PARE Family, such as : class discussions, field works, preparation for presentation, and especially the stories behind the presentation itself. It is unbelieveable everyone succeed to perform smoothly with those limit preparation time. PARE Program is some kind of beyond out of doubt.

I believe everyone have a good remembrances in this PARE Program. Eventhough english not the mother language anyone of us, we keep trying our best to sound our ideas. I am a hundread percent impressed by tenacity of my PARE friends. Miss you PARE friends,.,especially the Summer School ones, and of course,. Hokudate group. 555555555 (LOL). 

PARE ID : PARE26-001
Laura Flowrensia

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Final Report

Final Report

 I said ‘My English is very poor, please help me’ for self-introduction on the first day. Before I participated in PARE Summer School 2014, I was very uneasy because I have never discuss or make a presentation in English and talked with foreign people. But in the opening ceremony, five members of our group 4 talked to me friendly, so I felt to relax a little.
 After various lectures and field works in Sapporo, Tomakomai and Toya etc., we thought about a possibility to convert the excrement of human into energy by referring to the biogas plant in Machimura farm we visited on 1 September to propose the positive PARE chain. Then we discuss a master plan mainly focused on the biogas plant with organic orchard using mango and mangosteen trees. In Onuma we repeated a discussion for midterm presentation until midnight every day.
 Midterm presentation was over without any accidents. Then we separated into each special field and I learned about the biofarming system for aquaculture in Hakodate. It was a very eco-friendly system that pumps up water for culture using electricity produced by small wind turbine or sollar panel. I introduced this experience in Hakodate to my group members after I was back to Sapporo, but regrettably the idea of aquaculture was not adopted in our master plan because our focus was on biogas plant. Instead, I came to present the introduction, so I investigated the population in the world, in Asia and the amount of excrement of human per a day. We made a heated discussion all day long in the day before final presentation. I sometimes could not follow their English, but everyone found I was confused spoke to me slowly and briefly. 
 Finally we started final presentation from my introduction, and we were able to do our best presentation. During two weeks, I talked with my group members about many topics, not only serious subject for presentation but also trivial subject such as favorite food, songs and boyfriend/girlfriend and we also sing a song together. I really enjoyed all time with them. I was able to spend best two weeks because everyone really helped me. They are my best friends. 

 Now in my laboratory, I research on impression evaluation of the coastal landscape with or without wind farm. I was able to learn about various renewable energy including wind power through this summer school, and it broadened my horizons. There are many advantages on wind power, geothermal power and hydropower while there are some disadvantages such as initial cost or establishment space. It is very interesting for me to know about many things on renewable energy. I probably will be able to make use of this good experience in my research.
 This summer school for two weeks is my lifetime treasure.

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Final Report

Final Report
(Submission Deadline: 18th September 2014)

Kasetsart University
Group No.

You will write a report (500 words) on your group’s discussion.
In the report, you will:
A)      propose how you can contribute as a specialist to realize your group’s master plan, and
B)      propose a title of research paper related to the master plan.

Water Conservation
       The master plan of ours group discussion is water conservation. The details of discussion talk about the ways to conserve natural water resources especially ground water. The main cause of problem are human activities so necessary to think about how to protect natural water resources from human activities. Why our group focus on the water resources it is the most important thing that our group discuss at the first time. Because we think water resources are the most important factor in food web chain. Ours group separate human activities that effect on the water resources in 4 main topics. The first one is agriculture, industry, household and forestry respectively. Most of all in human activities impact on water resources in the large-scale especially agriculture, industry and household these thing are the daily activities that destroy water resources when water resources be affected by some factor it can effected food web chain too. Rapid growth in population make food demand increase too so if we don’t conserve the water resources in the present it will be make the negative impact in the large-scale in the future. Ours group the master plan suggested the way to conserve water resources by conservation and wisely consume method. The method to conservation and wisely consume the water resources by in agriculture activities we don’t excess water use in cultivation and protected water contamination from chemical that use in agriculture process. Industry and household activities often make the qualities of water resources decrease in ours group master plan the solution idea that we use for treat the poor condition water from industry and household activities are the sea weed pond. We use sea weed to absorb and treat the water and then sent to the aquaculture pond this method help us to conserve water and decrease water consume in this activities. Forestry conservation related to water resources if forestry low remains it had the big impact to natural water resources. Our master plan propose in the micro hydro power plant by choose the hill land to use benefit from water fall. The main benefit we will produce electricity from water fall by independent micro electricity. The electricity from this micro hydro power plant will use for supply in the small village because we think the small scale can control the activities more easier than big cities scale. In the village we will make the activities to be the unities for control easier.
              In our master plan village we will research about effect of micro hydro electricity on water consume efficiency in small village. This research will conduct in our master plan village to study about the efficiency of water consume when produce electricity by hydro power. Because in my opinion when we used the water resources in another way it can effect other way water consume so this research will help us to evaluate the point that are most optimized to use water power to produce electricity to supply village and which point are most optimized to use water resources to supply human activities demand.

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Final Report

Final Report

   In my group discuss will focus on “Daily Energy Saving as an effort toward” about “The Sustainable Use of Fossil Fuels And Land Resources” and “Sustainable Development in Urban and Rural Areas”. As know from PARE chain, I found several problems related to the increasing demand of energy. In population the problem is high density of population. In the activity side the problem is the increasing of urban lifestyle that consumes more energy such as smart device. Our group use negative impacts of PARE chain into positive through the development of sustainable energy, which is connected into our daily life activity. In the resource side the problem of land use competition between food and energy crop will be answer the problem of environment. In this case high dependency of fossil fuel especially for the supply of electricity. And implementation of policy of electricity usage limitation and use solar power and wind power. Limitation of electricity supply for every household and industries is needed to reduce fossil fuel burning for electricity. The implications of this policy eventually will not only reduce demand of fossil fuel by electricity’s company but also will force industries and middle-upper class society to provide their own electricity. The negative impact of urban   lifestyle will solve by solar glass technology.
     I propose in part of lifestyle by solar glass technology. The idea of solar windows has been around for some time now, and a number of different approaches—from spray-on solar cells to just really thin film possibilities—are under investigation. Though these are promising, the underlying issue with many of the ideas is that in order for them to work they need to stop some amount of light from getting through the window. And tinted windows are fine, in some situations, but too much tint turns a window into a wall. But not with a new idea out of Michigan State University, where researchers have created a solar concentrator that, if the efficiency is revved up, would provide truly clear, glass-like generators of solar power.
    The team, led by Yimu Zhao of Michigan State's department of chemical engineering and materials science, achieved this by "exploiting the excitonic nature of organic luminescent salts that provide perfectly tuned near-infrared-selective absorption and even deeper near-infrared emission." The organic molecules are tuned to absorb only ultraviolet and those near-infrared wavelengths; they then "glow" at a different infrared wavelength. That second wavelength light is guided by the material to the edge of the plastic substrate and converted to electricity by thin bits of standard photovoltaic cells.
    That means that no electricity production is actually done in the middle of the cell. With other "transparent" solar ideas, they are actually marred by tiny wires, or just require tinted or colored glass to absorb any of the usable wavelengths of light. "No one wants to sit behind colored glass," said the senior author of the paper, Richard Lunt, in a press release. "It makes for a very colorful environment, like working in a disco.
    They take an approach where they actually make the luminescent active layer transparent." The transparency is assured because the organic molecules only "glow" in infrared, which humans can't see. The result, at least for us: a clear window. Compare that image above to, just for example, New Energy Technologies' spray-on solar window, at left.
    The key roadblock, as with most any solar power idea, is efficiency. The Michigan State team has its prototype up to only about one-percent efficiency, far below what might be considered useful. The researchers say they hope to get it up to around 5 percent, and if it proves cheap to mass produce, then that would be plenty for some applications. And obviously, clear solar power does have a lot of applications: the obvious ones are the skyscrapers glimmering in most big cities these days, but Lunt said this could also be applied for smartphones or tablets as a self-charging screen that doesn't affect visual quality.


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Final Report Mr.Jakarin Na bangchang

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final report PARE 2014

Universitas Gadjah Mada
BUDI Firman Shantya
Group No.

                Increasing human activity has a significant impact on energy. Most of the use of energy by human activities such as energy resources are non-renewable. These problems can cause problems, especially electrical energy crisis. Electrical energy is the energy that is necessary for humans. Can not imagine what would happen if electricity production is not proportional to the demand. Power outages and all activity came to a standstill, including economic activity. In order to meet increasing electricity and fuel saving measures petroleum, efforts need to be done to look for potential sources of renewable energy in all parts of Indonesia such as water potential, wind, geothermal or sunlight.
The geographical condition of Indonesia, which consists of small islands and remote causes many difficult to reach by the power grid are centralized. To meet energy needs in these areas, one type of energy is potential to develop solar energy. Due to the location of Indonesia located on the equator, Indonesia has a solar radiation levels are extremely high. According to the measurement from the center of Meteorology and Geophysics Agency estimated the radiation falling on the surface of the Earth Indonesia (particularly Eastern Indonesia) on average approximately 5.1 kWh / m2 day. Thus, solar energy can be utilized for electricity providers in order to speed up rural electrification ratio.
In the utilization of solar energy that can be used solar panels convert solar energy directly into electrical energy. The use of solar panels as a source of energy engineering in electrical energy generation can be said to not produce pollution, both air pollution and pollution of the surrounding environment. The advantage of the economic utilization of the solar cell is
1.      Save, because it does not require fuel
2.      Can be installed anywhere and can be moved as required
3.      Characteristically modular. The capacity of the electricity produced can be adjusted by means of assembling the modules in series and parallel
4.      Can be operated automatically or using the operating
5.      Without sound and do not cause pollution
Based on these considerations, photovoltaic conversion of sunlight into electrical energy will be the main energy source of the future, especially when conventional energy sources (coal, petroleum and natural gas) is up. In addition, the price of conventional energy sources will continue to be higher and supply is also very limited, while the photovoltaic prices will gradually fall due to abundant raw material on earth.
Furthermore, the electrical energy generated from the solar panels, can be used for a variety of uses, for example in the field of marine. Utilization of solar cells as power supply lighting equipment to move the ship or boat with the help of electric motors. With the requirement for electricity to drive the growth of economic activity, improving intelligence where children can learn and encourage the growth of settlements and welfare of the local community, so as to support the creation of a prosperous society and in the region to support regional development.

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Water: H2 power plant as Empowerment of local area
 By: Ricky Andi Syahputra

Increasing of population led to increase human activities that negatively impact the environment and energy sources become unbalanced. There were a densely populated area and sparse population; they were associated with logging because of an unbalanced economy. To overcome this problem, our group made ​​a master plan based on the development of the local area. Development was done in the energy sector and the empowerment of people through education and technology. To realize our master plan, we used some sectors such as aquaculture / agriculture: cultivated fisheries, rice cultivation and Vegetable. Eco-tourism: building sites and building the creative industries (handicraft). Development of local society is very important; because it have to be self-sufficient local society do not rely on the central government. The development of our local communities can increase local incomes. Local community development by building several communities who were concerned about their local society and communities like community creative energy.
Creative community is a community that empowers people through the use of natural resources from the area. This community aims to develop the mindset of the people about self-reliance and hard work in developing regions. For example, like to make a special menu that is made ​​of the results of aquaculture such as fish and shrimp and vegetables that come from agriculture. Make a few handcraft typical of the region to increase the people's income. Community energy is a caring community to expand energy sources in an affluent. These communities use natural resources found in the area, for example as in the Yubari city utilize ground water to make micro hydro power plant that can meet the electricity needs of the region. This area has a small stream of water (1 kWh) to produce electricity that is small anyway. If the excess power generated can be sold to the electricity industry so as to increase the income of the local community. Because electricity produced is small then we can utilize water as the output of the process micro hydro power into electricity (H2 power plant).
In the environmental field, H2 power plant is producing electricity which has very small emissions, because emissions are released in the form of water vapor (figure 1). H2 power plant designed with the utilization of galvanic cells. H2 power plant based on water by adding chemicals such as Al, Na, Ca and others to split water molecules into hydrogen gas and hydrogen gas is used as fuel in a reactor that can produce electricity. Increasing energy produced can become a source of income of the area. If the source of the excess energy produced can be sold to energy companies.
Based on the our master plan is expected to increase income sparsely populated areas so as to attract the attention of society who live in densely populated places to move to the place that is sparsely populated. Resulting in population distribution and the establishment of the welfare of all society. To improve the welfare of the society there has to be communication between the university (scientist), companies, and governments. So that society concerns can be resolved.

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