Final Report

Final Report

   In my group discuss will focus on “Daily Energy Saving as an effort toward” about “The Sustainable Use of Fossil Fuels And Land Resources” and “Sustainable Development in Urban and Rural Areas”. As know from PARE chain, I found several problems related to the increasing demand of energy. In population the problem is high density of population. In the activity side the problem is the increasing of urban lifestyle that consumes more energy such as smart device. Our group use negative impacts of PARE chain into positive through the development of sustainable energy, which is connected into our daily life activity. In the resource side the problem of land use competition between food and energy crop will be answer the problem of environment. In this case high dependency of fossil fuel especially for the supply of electricity. And implementation of policy of electricity usage limitation and use solar power and wind power. Limitation of electricity supply for every household and industries is needed to reduce fossil fuel burning for electricity. The implications of this policy eventually will not only reduce demand of fossil fuel by electricity’s company but also will force industries and middle-upper class society to provide their own electricity. The negative impact of urban   lifestyle will solve by solar glass technology.
     I propose in part of lifestyle by solar glass technology. The idea of solar windows has been around for some time now, and a number of different approaches—from spray-on solar cells to just really thin film possibilities—are under investigation. Though these are promising, the underlying issue with many of the ideas is that in order for them to work they need to stop some amount of light from getting through the window. And tinted windows are fine, in some situations, but too much tint turns a window into a wall. But not with a new idea out of Michigan State University, where researchers have created a solar concentrator that, if the efficiency is revved up, would provide truly clear, glass-like generators of solar power.
    The team, led by Yimu Zhao of Michigan State's department of chemical engineering and materials science, achieved this by "exploiting the excitonic nature of organic luminescent salts that provide perfectly tuned near-infrared-selective absorption and even deeper near-infrared emission." The organic molecules are tuned to absorb only ultraviolet and those near-infrared wavelengths; they then "glow" at a different infrared wavelength. That second wavelength light is guided by the material to the edge of the plastic substrate and converted to electricity by thin bits of standard photovoltaic cells.
    That means that no electricity production is actually done in the middle of the cell. With other "transparent" solar ideas, they are actually marred by tiny wires, or just require tinted or colored glass to absorb any of the usable wavelengths of light. "No one wants to sit behind colored glass," said the senior author of the paper, Richard Lunt, in a press release. "It makes for a very colorful environment, like working in a disco.
    They take an approach where they actually make the luminescent active layer transparent." The transparency is assured because the organic molecules only "glow" in infrared, which humans can't see. The result, at least for us: a clear window. Compare that image above to, just for example, New Energy Technologies' spray-on solar window, at left.
    The key roadblock, as with most any solar power idea, is efficiency. The Michigan State team has its prototype up to only about one-percent efficiency, far below what might be considered useful. The researchers say they hope to get it up to around 5 percent, and if it proves cheap to mass produce, then that would be plenty for some applications. And obviously, clear solar power does have a lot of applications: the obvious ones are the skyscrapers glimmering in most big cities these days, but Lunt said this could also be applied for smartphones or tablets as a self-charging screen that doesn't affect visual quality.


Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a reply