Final Report; Miss Thidarat MEEKOCH, Chulalongkorn University

Final Report
(Submission Deadline: 18th September 2014)

Chulalongkorn University
Miss Thidarat MEEKOCH
Group No.

You will write a report (500 words) on your group’s discussion.
In the report, you will:
A)      propose how you can contribute as a specialist to realize your group’s master plan, and
B)      propose a title of research paper related to the master plan.

   In my group's discussion, we talk about how to make sustainable energy by planning about background problem of sustainable energy can be described as follows: When the population increases the demand for energy (1) and food increased because people need energy (2) and food, to be strong so that the amount of increase in impact on environmental such as waste overflowing, etc.., so it should solve the problem by taking the volume of waste to those benefits. Other agents, such as the starch, the sugar cane to produce Bio-Ethanol, etc.., and if there is a by-product, it can be used to process other possibilities, such as brewing, by-product is Carbon dioxide, which is used in the production of soda, etc.., so that the amount of energy (2), which will increase the amount of energy (1) that was originally aimed at the needs of the population and the sustainable energy. (Show the Figure 1)

   So, we can think about the MASTER PLAN is Biomass and Waste as Future Energy Resources by Considering the Reduce the use of Energy from Non-Renewable Energy Sources by increasing the use of renewable energy resources especially biomass and waste such as Import of waste from the agricultural process sold to the Waste bank to exchange your purchase - sale of waste. The waste that has come to biomass and biogas. Biomass and biogas can be used to substitute fossil causing heat used to combustion to produce electricity. Alternatively, biomass can be used to produce bio-ethanol used to combustion to fuel in cars, produce Gasohol, etc. (Show the Figure 2)

   After that, we explain about the Heat Power Plant by used to Co-firing method. (Source: Based on US EPA, 2007). Co-firing is a near term, low-cost option for efficiently and cleanly converting biomass to electricity by adding biomass as a partial substitute fuel in high-efficiency coal boilers. Co-firing reduces emissions of CO2, Reduces of sulfurous gases such as SO2 that will reduce acid rain. (Show the Figure 3)

Biomass is a renewable organic resource of plant-derived material, excluding fossil resource. In a limited sense, the term refers to livestock excreta, waste wood, and plant residue after the removal of edible parts. Biomass represents organic materials that plants produce through photosynthesis from atmospheric CO2 and water, and thus does not increase atmospheric CO2 when burned. (Source: Honda Motor Co., Ltd., 2006)
Bio-Ethanol Production (Source: U.S. Department of Energy and Renewable Fuels Association). Bio-Ethanol is a natural product and is manufactured by the fermentation of plants containing sugar and starch. In our plants we produce bioethanol from renewable raw materials and from raw alcohol of agricultural origin. (Source: Crop Energies AG, 2011). The process consists of the following operations; First, Pre-treatment to separate cellulose from soft-biomass Second, Saccharification of cellulose and hemicellulose. Third, Conversion of sugar into ethanol using microorganisms, And Finally, Ethanol refinement. (Show the Figure 4)

And Ethanol production from soft-biomass including inedible leaves and plant stalks such as rice straw has entered into the mass production phase of research at the Research Institute of Innovative Technology for the Earth (RITE) and Honda R&D Co., a subsidiary of Honda Motor responsible for research and development. Honda will begin producing flex-fuel cars capable of running solely on bioethanol-E100. Honda had earlier stated in its Annual Report 2006 that it was developing a flex-fuel vehicle for the Brazilian market that operates on any gasoline-ethanol mixture up to E100, and that it expected the vehicle to go on sale this year. Honda will become the first Japanese automaker to manufacture an E100 vehicle. Toyota has said that it will introduce E100 flex-fuel vehicles to the Brazilian market in 2007

   In conclusion, that the first, the sustainable use of fossil fuels and land resources; Biomass and waste can reduce non-renewable energy consumption, Biomass and waste can be as sustainable energy. Second, Environmental monitoring; Biomass can reduce Green House Gas (GHG) emission. And Finally, Sustainable development in urban and rural areas; Waste from rural and urban area can be reduced, Provide jobs opportunity in rural area, May provide independent energy for urban and rural area.

   C.N. Ibeto, A.U. Ofoefule and K.E. Agbo, 2011. A Global Overview of Biomass Potentials for Bioethanol Production: A Renewable Alternative Fuel. Trends in Applied Sciences Research, 6: 410-425.
   Honda Worldwide site. RITE and Honda Jointly Develop New Technology To Produce Ethanol From Cellulosic Biomass, 2014, Website,
c060914EthanolFromCellulosicBiomass/, Accessed 9 September 2014.
   Jarusombuti, S., T. Lerdchamchongkuln. 2008. Bend – Composites Board from Agriculture Waste: Case Study of Husk. Proceedings of 46th Kasetsart University Annual Conference: Architecture and Engineering and Natural Resources and Environment. Kasetsart, Thailand.
   Renewable Fuels Association. “Industry Statistics: How Ethanol is Made,” 2014, Website,, Accessed 9 September 2014.
   Renewable Fuels Association, 2014. “Industry Statistics: How Ethanol is Made.” Renewable Fuels Association, USA.
   Tech Hydra. Consolidated Bioprocessing: New Technique to Improve Biofuel Production, 2014, Website,
-technique-improve-biofuel-production/, Accessed 9 September 2014.
   U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Biopower Fact Sheet, "Biomass Cofiring: A Renewable Alternative for Utilities," DOE/GO-102000-1055, June 2000, Website,, Accessed 9 September 2014.

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