Dailami's Summer School 2014 Final Report

Final Report
(Submission Deadline: 18th September 2014)

Bogor Agriculture University (IPB)
Muhammad Dailami
Group No.

You will write a report (500 words) on your group’s discussion.
In the report, you will:
A)      Propose how you can contribute as a specialist to realize your group’s master plan, and
B)      Propose a title of research paper related to the master plan.

Waste and Biomass as Future Energy Resources 
In our (group 7) master plan, we purpose to use waste and biomass as a sources of energy. We will use burnable waste to produce heat that can be used for running heat power plant. In order to reduce the infestation cost, we will combine waste with coal, so we can still use the coal power plan without develop new power plan. We choose waste because waste is one of energy resources that all Asia country have it. Also waste become problem for all country if that waste are not manage well. In order to develop good waste management, we purpose to use waste bank system. If in japan we throw waste we should pay, but in Indonesia, with waste bank, we will get many if we deposit our waste in waste bank. The waste bank management will recycle, or converted waste to other valuable stuff that can be sold. Besides that, burnable waste will be used for power plan to produce electricity.
For the biomass, we will use agriculture by product as biomass that can be converted to bioethanol by using microorganism like yeast. In bioethanol production, one importance part to apply that plan is the technology to convert biomass to bioethanol. The problem with this technology is in the pre-treatment of lignocellulose to remove the lignin and get hemicellulose and cellulose (delignification process). Usually, this process need to be done by acid or alkali treatment which can give environmental problem. The alternative way is using microorganism like fungi or bacteria to do that job. However, the microbe is need longtime to finish that job and this is causing expensive cost production of bioethanol. So we need to screen many microbe that can do delignification process quickly.
So, I am as biochemist, I can contribute to do research in order to search microbe that have high capability to do delignification. In addition, I also can contribute to increasing the technic to convert biomass to bioethanol. Increasing the number of bioethanol that produced by microbe etc. All of this kind of research can be done by biochemistry and biotechnology research. In order to achieve our master plan, I will purpose a research title: “Screening endogenous microbe from vary agriculture by product with high delignification capability”.
Lignocellulose in nature, usually destroy by endophyte microbe. Each sources of lignocellulose will have different type of microbe that responsible to destroy that lignocellulose. Each strain of microbe even if fungi or bacteria, they have different capability to do delignification lignocellulose. So, to get good microbe, we should search many entophyte microbe from many kind of plants. Indonesia has mega biodiversity of plants, it will give high opportunity also to get many kind of microbes. By evaluate the capability each microbe in each lignocellulose sources, we can investigate further on the microbe mechanism to do delignification and also investigate enzyme that is responsible for this process. If all of this information we can achieve, we can construct microbe that have very high capability to do delignification with genetic engineering.

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